1/13/2021 5:40:41 PM
Taaq: The Polar Night and Its Inspirations
“Real beauty is so deep you have to move into darkness to understand it.” ~Barry Lopez
In Greenland, it is the polar night that the Inuit hold most dear. “Taaq” in the Kalaallisut language means “it is dark.” Nearly four months long in the Thule region (known as Qaanaaq today), this taaq period is far from the somber burial shroud we might imagine. In fact, the Inuit compare it to a mother’s warm embrace.
Not only do the Inuit treasure the darkness, but the polar night is also the season in which their laughter can most often be heard. It is the time for visiting, and by virtue of these gatherings, a time when social bonds are reinforced, helping communities feel secure and more resolute in their encounters with the austere environment. But it is through their oqaaluktuara – storytelling – that the Inuit most strongly connect with the expansive universe, which they poetically interpret as a cathedral whose roof was lost to infinity.
Like many before them, they turn their eyes to the heavens, understanding that the terrestrial universe and its dark sky is their sacred ancient text. The Inuit read the constellations and the planets, they contemplate the moon and the aurora borealis, and they decipher the messages within. When in danger, the stars are viewed as friends who become their guides.
This is all much less lifestyle than it is philosophy. As lyrically recounted in an oqaaluktuara by an Inuk to Knud Rasmussen in 1923, “It is amid such darkness that we know the peace of the elemental, structuring forces of the Earth, the shudder of the ice, the hum of stones, the intimate interlocking architecture of equilibrium. Listening, we hear a sound of breathing–and what we hear is the force of the earth, the living energy of the cosmos.”
The long and seemingly endless Arctic nights inspired many tales, myths and legends, and also prompted the creation of simple amusements and pastime activities, one of them the string game known today as the Cat’s Cradle, or ajurraarurit. Using reindeer sinew, the Inuit also used these string figures to illustrate their storytelling.
It was in 1888, that anthropologist Franz Boas first described how to make an Inuit string figure. Similar games were known to be played by other Indigenous cultures, but from written descriptions, the most difficult and complex figures are attributed to the Inuit, one of which even represents the extinct woolly mammoth.
With social challenges facing most Arctic communities in modern times, many of these traditions are being forgotten and some even lost, but their legacy nevertheless carries on as persevering reminders of an existence in which natural order and sustainable practices were a way of life and man respected this balance. The most important lesson we can learn from all Indigenous peoples is that human beings are not distinct from nature but are a part of it.